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Apache2 Notes

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(SSL Certificate)
(SSL Certificate)
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Sample Configuration:
Sample Configuration:
<pre  style="font-size: 130%">
<pre  style="font-size: 130%">
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<VirtualHost 172.16.25.125:443>
+
<VirtualHost 170.16.25.100:443>
         SSLEngine on
         SSLEngine on
         SSLCertificateFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/example.com.crt
         SSLCertificateFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/example.com.crt
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</VirtualHost>
</VirtualHost>
</pre>
</pre>
 +
*[http://hints.macworld.com/article.php?story=20041129143420344 MacWorld - How to create a secure (HTTPS) OS X webserver]
*[http://hints.macworld.com/article.php?story=20041129143420344 MacWorld - How to create a secure (HTTPS) OS X webserver]
*[http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/misc/security_tips.html More Security Tips]
*[http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/misc/security_tips.html More Security Tips]
 +
<br>
 +
 +
=====Redirect Http (port 80) to Https (port 443)=====
 +
 +
<VirtualHost 192.168.1.1:80>
 +
DocumentRoot  /var/www/html/example/
 +
ServerName www.example.com
 +
ServerAlias example.com
 +
Redirect permanent / https://example.com/
 +
</VirtualHost>
 +
 +
<br>
<br>

Revision as of 16:19, 3 June 2014

Contents

General


Files
/etc/apache2 Config File
/usr/share/doc/apache2-doc Apache2 Manual.
/var/www/html Default http home directory.


Commands
apache2 -v Display apache version.
sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart Restart apache. This needs to be done after configuration changes.
apache2ctl configtest Tests syntax of apache2 config files.
sudo a2enmod [MODULE NAME] Enable apache2 module. Modules must be in directory mods-available.
sudo a2dismod [MODULE NAME] Disable apache2 module.
sudo a2ensite [SITE NAME] Enable apache2 module.
sudo a2enconf [CONF NAME] Enable apache2 module.


Configuration File Settings
ServerSignature Off Suppress identification of the Apache version.
ServerTokens Prod Suppress identification of OS.
<Directory /var/www/html>
    Options -Indexes
</Directory>
Turn off directory listing.



Configuration File - Directory DIrectives
Options None
Order deny, allow Order of deny, allow directives.
Deny from all. Deny request from everybody.
Options -FollowSymLinks Disable following symbolic links.
Options +FollowSymLinks Enable following symbolic links.
AllowOverride All Allows override of directory directives with .htaccess files.
Options -Includes Turn off server side includes (mod_includes).
Options -ExecCGI Turn off CGI file executions.
LimitRequestBody 512000 Limits size of HTTP request. Any value from 0 to 2147483647 (2GB).
MaxClients 10 Limits simultaneous connections. Default is 256.


Sample Virtual Host
<VirtualHost *:80>
   DocumentRoot /var/www/html/example.com/
   ServerName www.example.com
   DirectoryIndex index.htm index.html index.php
   ServerAlias example.com
   ErrorDocument 404 /story.php
   ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/example.com_error_log
   CustomLog /var/log/httpd/example.com_access_log combined
</VirtualHost>


SSL Certificate

Create a self signed certificate:

openssl genrsa -des3 -out example.com.key 1024
openssl req -new -key example.com.key -out exmaple.csr
openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in example.com.com.csr -signkey example.com.com.key -out example.com.com.crt
openssl rsa -in example.com.key -out example.com.nopass.key
sudo chmod 600 example.com.nopass.key


Sample Configuration:

<VirtualHost 170.16.25.100:443>
        SSLEngine on
        SSLCertificateFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/example.com.crt
        SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/example.com.key
        SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/sf_bundle.crt
        ServerAdmin ravi.saive@example.com
        ServerName example.com
        DocumentRoot /var/www/html/example/
        ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/example.com-error_log
        CustomLog /var/log/httpd/example.com-access_log common
</VirtualHost>


Redirect Http (port 80) to Https (port 443)

<VirtualHost 192.168.1.1:80> DocumentRoot /var/www/html/example/ ServerName www.example.com ServerAlias example.com Redirect permanent / https://example.com/ </VirtualHost>



Proxy